Cotton is an indeterminate crop grown as an annual and requires a unique level of management. Cotton is grown on a multitude a soil types and under many different environments in Tennessee. Rolling hills, creek bottoms and alluvial flood plains make Tennessee cotton production a challenge. Since Tennessee is on the Northern edge of the Cotton Belt, growers show a particular interest in earliness management. Tennessee annually produces about 550,000-650,000 acres of cotton. Average lint yields typically range from 600-900 pounds of lint per acre. Cotton is produced in 23 counties statewide with the majority grown in the western part of the state (production map). Limited acres are grown under irrigation. Tennessee has long been a proponent of conservation and no-tillage systems with approximately 52% of the cotton grown no-till and an additional 24% grown using some form of conservation tillage. Additionally, Tennessee has rapidly adopted the use of transgenic varieties with >95% of the acreage planted to Roundup Ready and Bt-cotton varieties.
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